In Text Citations

Books | Periodicals and Magazines | Web Pages and Social Media

Books

Example #1: Paraphrase

According to APA Made Easy (2012), writing in APA format can be easy.

Example #2: Paraphrase

With so many resources available, writing in APA format can be easy (“APA Made Easy,” 2012).

Example #3: Direct Quote

APA Made Easy (2012) states, “Writing in APA format can be easy” (p. iv).

Example #4: Direct Quote

With so many resources available, writing in APA format can be easy (“APA Made Easy,” 2012, p. 12).

Example #1: Paraphrase

According to a book edited by Anders (2012), writing in APA format can be easy.

Example #2: Paraphrase

With so many resources available, writing in APA format can be easy (Anders, 2012).

Example #3: Direct Quote

Anders (2012) stated, “Writing in APA format can be easy” (p. 8).

Example #4: Direct Quote

“Writing in APA format can be easy” (Anders, 2012, p. 8).

Example #1: Paraphrase

According to Anders (2012), writing in APA format can be easy.

Example #2: Paraphrase

With so many resources available, writing in APA format can be easy (Anders, 2012).

Example #3: Direct Quote

Anders (2012) stated, “Writing in APA format can be easy” (p. iv).

Example #4: Direct Quote

With so many resources available, writing in APA format can be easy (Anders, 2012, p. 19).

Example #1: Paraphrase

There have been cases where people have compared Anders and Bieler’s book (2012) to APA Made Easy because of the similarities in writing style.

Example #2: Paraphrase

Easy APA Formatting (Anders & Bieler, 2012) has been compared to APA Made Easy.

Example #3: Direct Quote

The book on Fairy Tales was described as “a wonderful tale of hope and dreams” (Anders & Bieler, 2012, p.19).

For your first time citing a book with three authors, your in text citation should appear like this:

(Smith, Johnson, & Zeigler, 2013)

For subsequent paragraph citation after the first:

(Smith et al., 2013)

Every subsequent citation omits the year:

(Smith et al.)

Example #1: Paraphrase

There have been cases where people have compared Smith, Johnson, and Zeigler (2012) to APA Made Easy because of the similarities in writing style.

Example #2: Paraphrase

Smith et al. (2012) have compared to APA formatting to MLA formatting.

Example #3: Second Instance of Paraphrase

Smith et al. have compared to APA formatting to MLA formatting.

Example #4: Direct Quote

The book on Fairy Tales was described as “a wonderful tale of hope and dreams” (Smith, Johnson, & Zeigler, 2012, p. 9).

Example #5: Direct Quote, Second Instance

The book on Fairy Tales was described as “a wonderful tale of hope and  dreams” (Smith et al., 2012, p. 9).

For your first time citing a book with four authors, your in text citation

should appear like this:

(Smith, Johnson, Hadden, & Zeigler, 2013)

For subsequent paragraph citation after the first:

(Smith et al., 2013)

Every subsequent citation omits the year:

(Smith et al.)

Example #1: Paraphrase

There have been cases where people have compared Smith, Johnson, Hadden, and Zeigler (2012) to APA Made Easy because of the similarities in writing style.

Example #2: Paraphrase

Smith et al. (2012) have compared to APA formatting to MLA formatting.

Example #3: Second Instance of Paraphrase

Smith et al. have compared to APA formatting to MLA formatting.

Example #4: Direct Quote

The book on Fairy Tales was described as “a wonderful tale of hope and dreams” (Smith, Johnson, Haden & Zeigler, 2012, p. 29).

Example #5: Direct Quote, Second Instance

The book on Fairy Tales was described as “a wonderful tale of hope and dreams” (Smith et al., 2012, p. 29).

For your first time citing a book with five authors, your in text citation

should appear like this:

(Smith, Johnson, Hadden, Fuentes, & Zeigler, 2013)

For subsequent paragraph citation after the first:

(Smith et al., 2013)

Every subsequent citation omits the year:

(Smith et al.)

Example #1: Paraphrase

There have been cases where people have compared Smith, Johnson, Hadden, Fuentes, and Zeigler (2012) to APA Made Easy because of the similarities in writing style.

Example #2: Paraphrase

Smith et al. (2012) have compared to APA formatting to MLA formatting.

Example #3: Second Instance of Paraphrase

Smith et al. have compared to APA formatting to MLA formatting.

Example #4: Direct Quote

The book on Fairy Tales was described as “a wonderful tale of hope and dreams” (Smith, Johnson, Haden, Fuentes, & Zeigler, 2012, p. 14).

Example #5: Direct Quote, Second Instance

The book on Fairy Tales was described as “a wonderful tale of hope and dreams” (Smith et al., 2012, p. 14).

Example #1: Paraphrase

According to Anders et al. (2012), writing in APA format can be easy.

Example #2: Paraphrase

With so many resources available, writing in APA format can be easy (Anders et al., 2012).

Example #3: Direct Quote

Anders et al. (2012) stated, “Writing in APA format can be easy” (p. 6).

Example #4: Direct Quote

With so many resources available, writing in APA format can be easy (Anders et al., 2012, p. 6).

Example #1: Paraphrase

According to Anders et al. (2012), writing in APA format can be easy.

Example #2: Paraphrase

With so many resources available, writing in APA format can be easy (Anders et al., 2012).

Example #3: Direct Quote

Anders et al. (2012) stated, “Writing in APA format can be easy” (p. 8).

Example #4: Direct Quote

With so many resources available, writing in APA format can be easy (Anders et al., 2012, p. 8).

Example #1: Paraphrase

According to Anders et al. (2012), writing in APA format can be easy.

Example #2: Paraphrase

With so many resources available, writing in APA format can be easy (Anders et al., 2012).

Example #3: Direct Quote

Anders et al. (2012) stated, “Writing in APA format can be easy” (p. iv).

Example #4: Direct Quote

With so many resources available, writing in APA format can be easy (Anders et al., 2012, p. 16).

Periodicals and Magazines

For periodicals with no author, we put the name or shortened name (if the title is long) in quotations followed by a comma and the year of publication.

(“Formatting for”, 2014).

Alternatively, you may include the title of the article in the text of your paper,then follow it with the date in parenthesis:

Formatting for Beginners (2014) claims that …

Example #1: Paraphrase

According to Anders (2012), writing in APA format can be easy.

Example #2: Paraphrase

With so many resources available, writing in APA format can be easy (Anders, 2012).

Example #3: Direct Quote

Anders (2012) stated, “Writing in APA format can be easy” (p. iv).

Example #4: Direct Quote

With so many resources available, writing in APA format can be easy (Anders, 2012, p. 19).

Example #1: Paraphrase

According to Anders & Beiler (2012), writing in APA format can be easy.

Example #2: Paraphrase

With so many resources available, writing in APA format can be easy (Anders & Beiler, 2012).

Example #3: Direct Quote

Anders & Beiler (2012) stated, “Writing in APA format can be easy” (p. iv).

Example #4: Direct Quote

With so many resources available, writing in APA format can be easy (Anders & Beiler, 2012, p. 19).

For your first time citing a book with three authors, your in text citation should appear like this:

(Smith, Johnson, & Zeigler, 2013)

For subsequent paragraph citation after the first:

(Smith et al., 2013)

Every subsequent citation omits the year:

(Smith et al.)

Example #1: Paraphrase

There have been cases where people have compared Smith, Johnson, and Zeigler (2012) to APA Made Easy because of the similarities in writing style.

Example #2: Paraphrase

Smith et al. (2012) have compared to APA formatting to MLA formatting.

Example #3: Second Instance of Paraphrase

Smith et al. have compared to APA formatting to MLA formatting.

Example #4: Direct Quote

The book on Fairy Tales was described as “a wonderful tale of hope and dreams” (Smith, Johnson, & Zeigler, 2012, p. 9).

Example #5: Direct Quote, Second Instance

The book on Fairy Tales was described as “a wonderful tale of hope and dreams” (Smith et al., 2012, p. 9).

In Text Citation:

(Smith, Johnson, Hadden, & Zeigler, 2013)

For subsequent paragraph citation after the first

(Smith et al., 2013)

Every subsequent citation omits the year:

(Smith et al.)

For your first time citing a book with five authors, your in text citation should appear like this:

(Anders, Havalaand, Reilly, Beiler, & Zeigler, 2013)

For subsequent paragraph citation after the first:

(Smith et al., 2013)

Every subsequent citation omits the year:

(Smith et al.)

Example #1: Paraphrase

According to Anders et al. (2012), writing in APA format can be easy.

Example #2: Paraphrase

With so many resources available, writing in APA format can be easy (Anders et al., 2012).

Example #3: Direct Quote

Anders et al. (2012) stated, “Writing in APA format can be easy” (p. 6).

Example #4: Direct Quote

With so many resources available, writing in APA format can be easy (Anders et al., 2012, p. 6).

Example #1: Paraphrase

According to Anders et al. (2012), writing in APA format can be easy.

Example #2: Paraphrase

With so many resources available, writing in APA format can be easy (Anders et al., 2012).

Example #3: Direct Quote

Anders et al. (2012) stated, “Writing in APA format can be easy” (p. 8).

Example #4: Direct Quote

With so many resources available, writing in APA format can be easy (Anders et al., 2012, p. 8).

Example #1: Paraphrase

According to Anders et al. (2012), writing in APA format can be easy.

Example #2: Paraphrase

With so many resources available, writing in APA format can be easy (Anders et al., 2012).

Example #3: Direct Quote

Anders et al. (2012) stated, “Writing in APA format can be easy” (p. iv).

Example #4: Direct Quote

With so many resources available, writing in APA format can be easy (Anders et al., 2012, p. 16).

Web Pages and Social Media

Example #1 (with an author; paraphrase)

According to Anders (2012), writing in APA format is an easy way to organize a research paper.

Example #2 (with an author; direct quote)

Anders (2012) stated, “Writing in APA format is an easy way to organize a research paper” (APA Rules, para. 3).

Example #3 (no author)

Note: if no author is available, the APA asks that we use the name of the organization, corporation, agency, etc.

Writing in APA is really easy when we have the tools that we need (National Writers Association, 2012).

Example #4: (no author, direct quote)

The National Writers Association (2012) notes, “Writing in APA format is easy when we have all the tools we need” (Research Writing: APA, para. 4).

In text citations differ depending on the website and the type of post.

Generally, Twitter posts will look like this:

(Matkovich, 2011) or (Last name, Year of Post)

Facebook:

(Last name, Year of Post).  If post is a company, (Ameritrade, 2011)

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